Daily Crypto, Finance, and Tech News Summary – September 04, 2023

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Welcome, and thank you for being part of the MyZucoins community! Let’s get into an interesting piece of crypto, finance, or tech news to stay ahead.

An authoritative traditional female judge giving street directions, lots of street signs

Uniswap Decentralized Exchange Wins Court Battle Over Class Action Suit

A recent legal ruling has drawn a line between decentralized finance, or DeFi, platforms like Uniswap and traditional centralized exchanges like Coinbase.

The crux of the matter lies in who is responsible for token creation and trading.

Uniswap, a decentralized finance (DeFi) platform that is a popular cryptocurrency exchange, recently faced a US lawsuit with claims that Judge Katherine Polk Failla dismissed.

The lawsuit was a class action complaint accusing Uniswap of fraud and neglecting to register with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FIRA), among other things.

However, the judge found these claims lacked factual support and dismissed the case.

The judge noted that due to Uniswap’s decentralized nature, it’s “basically unknown and unknowable” to reliably identify the issuers of the “scam tokens”, which were at the core of the plaintiffs’ argument.

The plaintiffs had hoped the court would overlook the current state of cryptocurrency regulation, which doesn’t provide them with any recourse, but the judge disagreed.

She concluded that their concerns should be addressed to the US Congress, not the court.

Another important point made during the case was that there’s no definitive determination on whether certain crypto assets are commodities, securities, etc.

This creates a regulatory landscape full of unknowns.

The judge also noted that Uniswap’s smart contracts are lawful, and likened the claims against Uniswap to blaming a self-driving car’s developer for a traffic violation committed by a third party using the car.

Lastly, the court compared the suit to holding a payment app like PayPal’s Venmo or Zelle accountable for a drug deal facilitated through the platform.

The responsibility lies with the person who issued the “scam token”, not the platform itself.

While the SEC is still developing its approach to DeFi, the court noted that the complaints raised by the plaintiffs are not applicable until there’s a framework for liability.

Therefore, the court dismissed both the federal and state claims. Read more here.

Decentralized vs. Centralized Exchanges: A Quick Overview

Decentralized exchanges like Uniswap allow users to trade cryptocurrencies, most commonly those from the Ethereum blockchain, directly with each other using smart contracts.

This eliminates the need for an intermediary like in centralized exchanges, such as Coinbase and Binance.

While this provides more control and privacy, as so far there’s no need for regulatory approvals or personal identification, it can be less user-friendly and doesn’t allow for direct fiat transactions or advanced trading options.

On the other hand, centralized platforms are regulated, offer a range of trading options and protections, and are generally easier for beginners, but they require users to entrust their funds to a third party who could quickly close or limit an account.

For now, DeFi stands apart from centralized crypto exchanges, courtesy of the Uniswap ruling, which appreciates the intricacies of the decentralized system.

If you’re interested, we covered some more basics on the centralized vs. decentralized topic here.

Why Is Decentralization Important?

While Uniswap is a cryptocurrency exchange, the key point is the fundamentals of centralized vs. decentralized systems.

Uniswap’s decentralized nature was a crucial factor in the verdict, emphasizing the need for emerging crypto products like Zucoins to maintain a transparent and decentralized operation and system.

Zucoins, with its Splitchain network, champions and continues to expand on its decentralized approach.

As we often say here, by operating on a “truth-based” network—where nodes cache data as peers use the system, Splitchain is a system that’s harder to centrally control.

The judge’s comparison of the lawsuit to blaming a self-driving car’s developer for a traffic violation committed by a third party using the car is a powerful metaphor.

This analogy could serve as a guide for Zucoins and the Splitchain network.

Measures like two-factor authentication for transactions and time-bound transaction expiry can enhance security without compromising on the core principles of decentralization.

It puts the control and responsibility back in the hands of the users, in the same way.

By ensuring that transactions are performed and confirmed by peers themselves, Splitchain effectively distances itself from potential misuse, much like a self-driving car’s manufacturer.

As always, the Uniswap case also highlighted the importance of regulatory clarity for crypto assets.

While Zucoins and Splitchain cannot directly influence these regulatory decisions, they can strategically position themselves for a variety of different outcomes.

As Louis Pasteur once said, chance favors the prepared.

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All the best,
Peter & Rob

Disclaimer: Of course, this is not advice, financial or otherwise. It’s also important to consider the risks and challenges associated with any potential benefits.